LISA Project Reports

Building a Foundation for Linear Infrastructure Safeguards in Asia (LISA)

The LISA Project, funded by USAID, seeks to understand the challenges and barriers that slow the adoption and implementation of safeguards that protect Asia’s diverse wildlife species and their critical habitats from the region’s rapidly expanding linear infrastructure.

Learn more through the Final Report and four in-depth Annexes below, or view the Training Manual and video Training Modules here.




LISA Project Final Report





This annex identifies and maps Asia’s most biodiverse landscapes across the 28 countries in the study area. It also examines where hundreds of proposed linear infrastructure (LI) projects from international development initiatives might intersect these highly biodiverse landscapes. It then takes a finer-scale approach to evaluate six landscapes in Asia where future LI projects could adversely affect a particular species (e.g., tigers, antelope) or a particular landscape with multiple species (e.g., a Thai power line’s impacts on birds). Finally, the annex summarizes 11 published studies from across Asia that performed exemplary evaluations of future LI impacts to biodiversity and set a high standard for spatial assessments for the continent.



LISA Project Annex 2: Case StudiesANNEX 2: CASE STUDIES

This annex reviews a series of eight case studies from seven different Asian countries and demonstrates the processes, principles, and practices that differentiate LI projects that were successful in implementing wildlife-friendly linear infrastructure (WFLI) safeguards from those that weren’t. The case studies represent road, railway, and power line development projects, as well as two that incorporated economic evaluations.


LISA Project Annex 3: Capacity AssessmentANNEX 3: CAPACITY ASSESSMENT

This annex summarizes developing Asia’s existing capacity to provide wildlife-friendly linear infrastructure safeguards, including laws, regulations, best practices, workforce training, guidelines, and other forms of expertise and information. The annex evaluates capacity through the compilation and review of personal interviews, surveys, websites, published literature, and other sources across 28 Asian countries and four constituent groups—government, industry, financing, and non-governmental organizations. To help identify barriers and bottlenecks to safeguard implementation, electronic surveys were conducted in five representative Asian countries. The annex also contains recommendations for future capacity building.



LISA Project Annex 4: Literature ReviewANNEX 4: LITERATURE REVIEW

This annex reviews published literature to determine what is currently known about the direct and indirect impacts of roads, railways, and power lines on Asian wildlife and their habitats, as well as on the effectiveness of mitigation measures that seek to alleviate any adverse impacts to wildlife. The results are a synthesis and summary of what is currently known for each transportation mode, based on primarily peer-reviewed papers published since 2000 on roads (162 papers), railways (49 papers), and power lines (78 papers). The annex also contains recommendations for how to address existing shortcomings in available data.



Want to learn more? View the LISA Project training modules and manual here
Questions? Contact Christine Weinheimer at

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